THE HARBOUR PROJECT COMPILER LICENSE ==================================== Note: This license applies to most of the files in the src/compiler and utils/hbmk2 directories and certain .hb Harbour scripts. This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or (at your option) any later version. This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the GNU General Public License for more details. You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software Foundation, Inc., 675 Mass Ave, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA (or visit their web site at http://www.gnu.org/). THE HARBOUR PROJECT LIBRARY LICENSE =================================== Note: This license applies to most of the files in the include directory, source directory, and subdirectories. This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by the Free Software Foundation; either version 2, or (at your option) any later version. This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the GNU General Public License for more details. You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License along with this software; see the file COPYING.txt. If not, write to the Free Software Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place, Suite 330, Boston, MA 02111-1307 USA (or visit the web site http://www.gnu.org/). As a special exception, the Harbour Project gives permission for additional uses of the text contained in its release of Harbour. The exception is that, if you link the Harbour libraries with other files to produce an executable, this does not by itself cause the resulting executable to be covered by the GNU General Public License. Your use of that executable is in no way restricted on account of linking the Harbour library code into it. This exception does not however invalidate any other reasons why the executable file might be covered by the GNU General Public License. This exception applies only to the code released by the Harbour Project under the name Harbour. If you copy code from other Harbour Project or Free Software Foundation releases into a copy of Harbour, as the General Public License permits, the exception does not apply to the code that you add in this way. To avoid misleading anyone as to the status of such modified files, you must delete this exception notice from them. If you write modifications of your own for Harbour, it is your choice whether to permit this exception to apply to your modifications. If you do not wish that, delete this exception notice. THE HARBOUR PROJECT CONTRIB LICENSE =================================== There is no one single license that applies to the Harbour Project contrib files. Some files use the Harbour Project Compiler license. Some files use the Harbour Project Library license. Some files use the old Harbour Project Library license. Some files may even use other types of free software or open source software licenses. Some files have been donated to the public domain. If you use any of the contrib files, you need to investigate the license that applies to each file. THE HARBOUR PROJECT NON-SOURCE LICENSE ====================================== Note: This license applies to the files where the content explicitly indicates so. These works are licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/ or send a letter to Creative Commons, 559 Nathan Abbott Way, Stanford, California 94305, USA. A summary of the license and the full legal text is included after this text. If you wish to distribute some or all of these works under different terms, please contact respective author(s). License summary: Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported -*- -*- -*- -*- -*- -*- -*- -*- -*- -*- -*- -*- -*- -*- -*- -*- -*- -*- -*- You are free: * to Share - to copy, distribute and transmit the work * to Remix - to adapt the work Under the following conditions: * Attribution. You must attribute the work in the manner specified by the author or licensor (but not in any way that suggests that they endorse you or your use of the work). * Share Alike. If you alter, transform, or build upon this work, you may distribute the resulting work only under the same, similar or a compatible license. * For any reuse or distribution, you must make clear to others the license terms of this work. The best way to do this is with a link to this web page. * Any of the above conditions can be waived if you get permission from the copyright holder. * Nothing in this license impairs or restricts the author's moral rights. -*- -*- -*- -*- -*- -*- -*- -*- -*- -*- -*- -*- -*- -*- -*- -*- -*- -*- -*- Creative Commons Legal Code: Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported CREATIVE COMMONS CORPORATION IS NOT A LAW FIRM AND DOES NOT PROVIDE LEGAL SERVICES. DISTRIBUTION OF THIS LICENSE DOES NOT CREATE AN ATTORNEY-CLIENT RELATIONSHIP. CREATIVE COMMONS PROVIDES THIS INFORMATION ON AN "AS-IS" BASIS. CREATIVE COMMONS MAKES NO WARRANTIES REGARDING THE INFORMATION PROVIDED, AND DISCLAIMS LIABILITY FOR DAMAGES RESULTING FROM ITS USE. License: THE WORK (AS DEFINED BELOW) IS PROVIDED UNDER THE TERMS OF THIS CREATIVE COMMONS PUBLIC LICENSE ("CCPL" OR "LICENSE"). THE WORK IS PROTECTED BY COPYRIGHT AND/OR OTHER APPLICABLE LAW. ANY USE OF THE WORK OTHER THAN AS AUTHORIZED UNDER THIS LICENSE OR COPYRIGHT LAW IS PROHIBITED. BY EXERCISING ANY RIGHTS TO THE WORK PROVIDED HERE, YOU ACCEPT AND AGREE TO BE BOUND BY THE TERMS OF THIS LICENSE. TO THE EXTENT THIS LICENSE MAY BE CONSIDERED TO BE A CONTRACT, THE LICENSOR GRANTS YOU THE RIGHTS CONTAINED HERE IN CONSIDERATION OF YOUR ACCEPTANCE OF SUCH TERMS AND CONDITIONS. 1. Definitions a. "Adaptation" means a work based upon the Work, or upon the Work and other pre-existing works, such as a translation, adaptation, derivative work, arrangement of music or other alterations of a literary or artistic work, or phonogram or performance and includes cinematographic adaptations or any other form in which the Work may be recast, transformed, or adapted including in any form recognizably derived from the original, except that a work that constitutes a Collection will not be considered an Adaptation for the purpose of this License. For the avoidance of doubt, where the Work is a musical work, performance or phonogram, the synchronization of the Work in timed-relation with a moving image ("synching") will be considered an Adaptation for the purpose of this License. b. "Collection" means a collection of literary or artistic works, such as encyclopedias and anthologies, or performances, phonograms or broadcasts, or other works or subject matter other than works listed in Section 1(f) below, which, by reason of the selection and arrangement of their contents, constitute intellectual creations, in which the Work is included in its entirety in unmodified form along with one or more other contributions, each constituting separate and independent works in themselves, which together are assembled into a collective whole. A work that constitutes a Collection will not be considered an Adaptation (as defined below) for the purposes of this License. c. "Creative Commons Compatible License" means a license that is listed at http://creativecommons.org/compatiblelicenses that has been approved by Creative Commons as being essentially equivalent to this License, including, at a minimum, because that license: (i) contains terms that have the same purpose, meaning and effect as the License Elements of this License; and, (ii) explicitly permits the relicensing of adaptations of works made available under that license under this License or a Creative Commons jurisdiction license with the same License Elements as this License. d. "Distribute" means to make available to the public the original and copies of the Work or Adaptation, as appropriate, through sale or other transfer of ownership. e. "License Elements" means the following high-level license attributes as selected by Licensor and indicated in the title of this License: Attribution, ShareAlike. f. "Licensor" means the individual, individuals, entity or entities that offer(s) the Work under the terms of this License. g. "Original Author" means, in the case of a literary or artistic work, the individual, individuals, entity or entities who created the Work or if no individual or entity can be identified, the publisher; and in addition (i) in the case of a performance the actors, singers, musicians, dancers, and other persons who act, sing, deliver, declaim, play in, interpret or otherwise perform literary or artistic works or expressions of folklore; (ii) in the case of a phonogram the producer being the person or legal entity who first fixes the sounds of a performance or other sounds; and, (iii) in the case of broadcasts, the organization that transmits the broadcast. h. "Work" means the literary and/or artistic work offered under the terms of this License including without limitation any production in the literary, scientific and artistic domain, whatever may be the mode or form of its expression including digital form, such as a book, pamphlet and other writing; a lecture, address, sermon or other work of the same nature; a dramatic or dramatico-musical work; a choreographic work or entertainment in dumb show; a musical composition with or without words; a cinematographic work to which are assimilated works expressed by a process analogous to cinematography; a work of drawing, painting, architecture, sculpture, engraving or lithography; a photographic work to which are assimilated works expressed by a process analogous to photography; a work of applied art; an illustration, map, plan, sketch or three-dimensional work relative to geography, topography, architecture or science; a performance; a broadcast; a phonogram; a compilation of data to the extent it is protected as a copyrightable work; or a work performed by a variety or circus performer to the extent it is not otherwise considered a literary or artistic work. i. "You" means an individual or entity exercising rights under this License who has not previously violated the terms of this License with respect to the Work, or who has received express permission from the Licensor to exercise rights under this License despite a previous violation. j. "Publicly Perform" means to perform public recitations of the Work and to communicate to the public those public recitations, by any means or process, including by wire or wireless means or public digital performances; to make available to the public Works in such a way that members of the public may access these Works from a place and at a place individually chosen by them; to perform the Work to the public by any means or process and the communication to the public of the performances of the Work, including by public digital performance; to broadcast and rebroadcast the Work by any means including signs, sounds or images. k. "Reproduce" means to make copies of the Work by any means including without limitation by sound or visual recordings and the right of fixation and reproducing fixations of the Work, including storage of a protected performance or phonogram in digital form or other electronic medium. 2. Fair Dealing Rights. Nothing in this License is intended to reduce, limit, or restrict any uses free from copyright or rights arising from limitations or exceptions that are provided for in connection with the copyright protection under copyright law or other applicable laws. 3. License Grant. Subject to the terms and conditions of this License, Licensor hereby grants You a worldwide, royalty-free, non-exclusive, perpetual (for the duration of the applicable copyright) license to exercise the rights in the Work as stated below: a. to Reproduce the Work, to incorporate the Work into one or more Collections, and to Reproduce the Work as incorporated in the Collections; b. to create and Reproduce Adaptations provided that any such Adaptation, including any translation in any medium, takes reasonable steps to clearly label, demarcate or otherwise identify that changes were made to the original Work. For example, a translation could be marked "The original work was translated from English to Spanish," or a modification could indicate "The original work has been modified."; c. to Distribute and Publicly Perform the Work including as incorporated in Collections; and, d. to Distribute and Publicly Perform Adaptations. e. For the avoidance of doubt: i. Non-waivable Compulsory License Schemes. In those jurisdictions in which the right to collect royalties through any statutory or compulsory licensing scheme cannot be waived, the Licensor reserves the exclusive right to collect such royalties for any exercise by You of the rights granted under this License; ii. Waivable Compulsory License Schemes. In those jurisdictions in which the right to collect royalties through any statutory or compulsory licensing scheme can be waived, the Licensor waives the exclusive right to collect such royalties for any exercise by You of the rights granted under this License; and, iii. Voluntary License Schemes. The Licensor waives the right to collect royalties, whether individually or, in the event that the Licensor is a member of a collecting society that administers voluntary licensing schemes, via that society, from any exercise by You of the rights granted under this License. The above rights may be exercised in all media and formats whether now known or hereafter devised. The above rights include the right to make such modifications as are technically necessary to exercise the rights in other media and formats. Subject to Section 8(f), all rights not expressly granted by Licensor are hereby reserved. 4. Restrictions. The license granted in Section 3 above is expressly made subject to and limited by the following restrictions: a. You may Distribute or Publicly Perform the Work only under the terms of this License. You must include a copy of, or the Uniform Resource Identifier (URI) for, this License with every copy of the Work You Distribute or Publicly Perform. You may not offer or impose any terms on the Work that restrict the terms of this License or the ability of the recipient of the Work to exercise the rights granted to that recipient under the terms of the License. You may not sublicense the Work. You must keep intact all notices that refer to this License and to the disclaimer of warranties with every copy of the Work You Distribute or Publicly Perform. When You Distribute or Publicly Perform the Work, You may not impose any effective technological measures on the Work that restrict the ability of a recipient of the Work from You to exercise the rights granted to that recipient under the terms of the License. This Section 4(a) applies to the Work as incorporated in a Collection, but this does not require the Collection apart from the Work itself to be made subject to the terms of this License. If You create a Collection, upon notice from any Licensor You must, to the extent practicable, remove from the Collection any credit as required by Section 4(c), as requested. If You create an Adaptation, upon notice from any Licensor You must, to the extent practicable, remove from the Adaptation any credit as required by Section 4(c), as requested. b. You may Distribute or Publicly Perform an Adaptation only under the terms of: (i) this License; (ii) a later version of this License with the same License Elements as this License; (iii) a Creative Commons jurisdiction license (either this or a later license version) that contains the same License Elements as this License (e.g., Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 US)); (iv) a Creative Commons Compatible License. If you license the Adaptation under one of the licenses mentioned in (iv), you must comply with the terms of that license. If you license the Adaptation under the terms of any of the licenses mentioned in (i), (ii) or (iii) (the "Applicable License"), you must comply with the terms of the Applicable License generally and the following provisions: (I) You must include a copy of, or the URI for, the Applicable License with every copy of each Adaptation You Distribute or Publicly Perform; (II) You may not offer or impose any terms on the Adaptation that restrict the terms of the Applicable License or the ability of the recipient of the Adaptation to exercise the rights granted to that recipient under the terms of the Applicable License; (III) You must keep intact all notices that refer to the Applicable License and to the disclaimer of warranties with every copy of the Work as included in the Adaptation You Distribute or Publicly Perform; (IV) when You Distribute or Publicly Perform the Adaptation, You may not impose any effective technological measures on the Adaptation that restrict the ability of a recipient of the Adaptation from You to exercise the rights granted to that recipient under the terms of the Applicable License. This Section 4(b) applies to the Adaptation as incorporated in a Collection, but this does not require the Collection apart from the Adaptation itself to be made subject to the terms of the Applicable License. c. If You Distribute, or Publicly Perform the Work or any Adaptations or Collections, You must, unless a request has been made pursuant to Section 4(a), keep intact all copyright notices for the Work and provide, reasonable to the medium or means You are utilizing: (i) the name of the Original Author (or pseudonym, if applicable) if supplied, and/or if the Original Author and/or Licensor designate another party or parties (e.g., a sponsor institute, publishing entity, journal) for attribution ("Attribution Parties") in Licensor's copyright notice, terms of service or by other reasonable means, the name of such party or parties; (ii) the title of the Work if supplied; (iii) to the extent reasonably practicable, the URI, if any, that Licensor specifies to be associated with the Work, unless such URI does not refer to the copyright notice or licensing information for the Work; and (iv) , consistent with Ssection 3(b), in the case of an Adaptation, a credit identifying the use of the Work in the Adaptation (e.g., "French translation of the Work by Original Author," or "Screenplay based on original Work by Original Author"). The credit required by this Section 4(c) may be implemented in any reasonable manner; provided, however, that in the case of a Adaptation or Collection, at a minimum such credit will appear, if a credit for all contributing authors of the Adaptation or Collection appears, then as part of these credits and in a manner at least as prominent as the credits for the other contributing authors. For the avoidance of doubt, You may only use the credit required by this Section for the purpose of attribution in the manner set out above and, by exercising Your rights under this License, You may not implicitly or explicitly assert or imply any connection with, sponsorship or endorsement by the Original Author, Licensor and/or Attribution Parties, as appropriate, of You or Your use of the Work, without the separate, express prior written permission of the Original Author, Licensor and/or Attribution Parties. d. Except as otherwise agreed in writing by the Licensor or as may be otherwise permitted by applicable law, if You Reproduce, Distribute or Publicly Perform the Work either by itself or as part of any Adaptations or Collections, You must not distort, mutilate, modify or take other derogatory action in relation to the Work which would be prejudicial to the Original Author's honor or reputation. Licensor agrees that in those jurisdictions (e.g. Japan), in which any exercise of the right granted in Section 3(b) of this License (the right to make Adaptations) would be deemed to be a distortion, mutilation, modification or other derogatory action prejudicial to the Original Author's honor and reputation, the Licensor will waive or not assert, as appropriate, this Section, to the fullest extent permitted by the applicable national law, to enable You to reasonably exercise Your right under Section 3(b) of this License (right to make Adaptations) but not otherwise. 5. Representations, Warranties and Disclaimer UNLESS OTHERWISE MUTUALLY AGREED TO BY THE PARTIES IN WRITING, LICENSOR OFFERS THE WORK AS-IS AND MAKES NO REPRESENTATIONS OR WARRANTIES OF ANY KIND CONCERNING THE WORK, EXPRESS, IMPLIED, STATUTORY OR OTHERWISE, INCLUDING, WITHOUT LIMITATION, WARRANTIES OF TITLE, MERCHANTIBILITY, FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE, NONINFRINGEMENT, OR THE ABSENCE OF LATENT OR OTHER DEFECTS, ACCURACY, OR THE PRESENCE OF ABSENCE OF ERRORS, WHETHER OR NOT DISCOVERABLE. SOME JURISDICTIONS DO NOT ALLOW THE EXCLUSION OF IMPLIED WARRANTIES, SO SUCH EXCLUSION MAY NOT APPLY TO YOU. 6. Limitation on Liability. EXCEPT TO THE EXTENT REQUIRED BY APPLICABLE LAW, IN NO EVENT WILL LICENSOR BE LIABLE TO YOU ON ANY LEGAL THEORY FOR ANY SPECIAL, INCIDENTAL, CONSEQUENTIAL, PUNITIVE OR EXEMPLARY DAMAGES ARISING OUT OF THIS LICENSE OR THE USE OF THE WORK, EVEN IF LICENSOR HAS BEEN ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGES. 7. Termination a. This License and the rights granted hereunder will terminate automatically upon any breach by You of the terms of this License. Individuals or entities who have received Adaptations or Collections from You under this License, however, will not have their licenses terminated provided such individuals or entities remain in full compliance with those licenses. Sections 1, 2, 5, 6, 7, and 8 will survive any termination of this License. b. Subject to the above terms and conditions, the license granted here is perpetual (for the duration of the applicable copyright in the Work). Notwithstanding the above, Licensor reserves the right to release the Work under different license terms or to stop distributing the Work at any time; provided, however that any such election will not serve to withdraw this License (or any other license that has been, or is required to be, granted under the terms of this License), and this License will continue in full force and effect unless terminated as stated above. 8. Miscellaneous a. Each time You Distribute or Publicly Perform the Work or a Collection, the Licensor offers to the recipient a license to the Work on the same terms and conditions as the license granted to You under this License. b. Each time You Distribute or Publicly Perform an Adaptation, Licensor offers to the recipient a license to the original Work on the same terms and conditions as the license granted to You under this License. c. If any provision of this License is invalid or unenforceable under applicable law, it shall not affect the validity or enforceability of the remainder of the terms of this License, and without further action by the parties to this agreement, such provision shall be reformed to the minimum extent necessary to make such provision valid and enforceable. d. No term or provision of this License shall be deemed waived and no breach consented to unless such waiver or consent shall be in writing and signed by the party to be charged with such waiver or consent. e. This License constitutes the entire agreement between the parties with respect to the Work licensed here. There are no understandings, agreements or representations with respect to the Work not specified here. Licensor shall not be bound by any additional provisions that may appear in any communication from You. This License may not be modified without the mutual written agreement of the Licensor and You. f. The rights granted under, and the subject matter referenced, in this License were drafted utilizing the terminology of the Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works (as amended on September 28, 1979), the Rome Convention of 1961, the WIPO Copyright Treaty of 1996, the WIPO Performances and Phonograms Treaty of 1996 and the Universal Copyright Convention (as revised on July 24, 1971). These rights and subject matter take effect in the relevant jurisdiction in which the License terms are sought to be enforced according to the corresponding provisions of the implementation of those treaty provisions in the applicable national law. If the standard suite of rights granted under applicable copyright law includes additional rights not granted under this License, such additional rights are deemed to be included in the License; this License is not intended to restrict the license of any rights under applicable law. Creative Commons Notice Creative Commons is not a party to this License, and makes no warranty whatsoever in connection with the Work. Creative Commons will not be liable to You or any party on any legal theory for any damages whatsoever, including without limitation any general, special, incidental or consequential damages arising in connection to this license. Notwithstanding the foregoing two (2) sentences, if Creative Commons has expressly identified itself as the Licensor hereunder, it shall have all rights and obligations of Licensor. Except for the limited purpose of indicating to the public that the Work is licensed under the CCPL, Creative Commons does not authorize the use by either party of the trademark "Creative Commons" or any related trademark or logo of Creative Commons without the prior written consent of Creative Commons. Any permitted use will be in compliance with Creative Commons' then-current trademark usage guidelines, as may be published on its website or otherwise made available upon request from time to time. For the avoidance of doubt, this trademark restriction does not form part of the License. Creative Commons may be contacted at http://creativecommons.org/. GNU GENERAL PUBLIC LICENSE VERSION 2 ==================================== Binary tools included in Harbour source repository all use GNU GPL 2. Find it below: ------------------------------------------------------------------------ GNU GENERAL PUBLIC LICENSE Version 2, June 1991 Copyright (C) 1989, 1991 Free Software Foundation, Inc. 59 Temple Place - Suite 330, Boston, MA 02111-1307, USA. Everyone is permitted to copy and distribute verbatim copies of this license document, but changing it is not allowed. Preamble The licenses for most software are designed to take away your freedom to share and change it. By contrast, the GNU General Public License is intended to guarantee your freedom to share and change free software--to make sure the software is free for all its users. This General Public License applies to most of the Free Software Foundation's software and to any other program whose authors commit to using it. (Some other Free Software Foundation software is covered by the GNU Library General Public License instead.) You can apply it to your programs, too. When we speak of free software, we are referring to freedom, not price. Our General Public Licenses are designed to make sure that you have the freedom to distribute copies of free software (and charge for this service if you wish), that you receive source code or can get it if you want it, that you can change the software or use pieces of it in new free programs; and that you know you can do these things. To protect your rights, we need to make restrictions that forbid anyone to deny you these rights or to ask you to surrender the rights. These restrictions translate to certain responsibilities for you if you distribute copies of the software, or if you modify it. For example, if you distribute copies of such a program, whether gratis or for a fee, you must give the recipients all the rights that you have. You must make sure that they, too, receive or can get the source code. And you must show them these terms so they know their rights. We protect your rights with two steps: (1) copyright the software, and (2) offer you this license which gives you legal permission to copy, distribute and/or modify the software. Also, for each author's protection and ours, we want to make certain that everyone understands that there is no warranty for this free software. If the software is modified by someone else and passed on, we want its recipients to know that what they have is not the original, so that any problems introduced by others will not reflect on the original authors' reputations. Finally, any free program is threatened constantly by software patents. We wish to avoid the danger that redistributors of a free program will individually obtain patent licenses, in effect making the program proprietary. To prevent this, we have made it clear that any patent must be licensed for everyone's free use or not licensed at all. The precise terms and conditions for copying, distribution and modification follow. GNU GENERAL PUBLIC LICENSE TERMS AND CONDITIONS FOR COPYING, DISTRIBUTION AND MODIFICATION 0. This License applies to any program or other work which contains a notice placed by the copyright holder saying it may be distributed under the terms of this General Public License. The "Program", below, refers to any such program or work, and a "work based on the Program" means either the Program or any derivative work under copyright law: that is to say, a work containing the Program or a portion of it, either verbatim or with modifications and/or translated into another language. (Hereinafter, translation is included without limitation in the term "modification".) Each licensee is addressed as "you". Activities other than copying, distribution and modification are not covered by this License; they are outside its scope. The act of running the Program is not restricted, and the output from the Program is covered only if its contents constitute a work based on the Program (independent of having been made by running the Program). Whether that is true depends on what the Program does. 1. You may copy and distribute verbatim copies of the Program's source code as you receive it, in any medium, provided that you conspicuously and appropriately publish on each copy an appropriate copyright notice and disclaimer of warranty; keep intact all the notices that refer to this License and to the absence of any warranty; and give any other recipients of the Program a copy of this License along with the Program. You may charge a fee for the physical act of transferring a copy, and you may at your option offer warranty protection in exchange for a fee. 2. You may modify your copy or copies of the Program or any portion of it, thus forming a work based on the Program, and copy and distribute such modifications or work under the terms of Section 1 above, provided that you also meet all of these conditions: a) You must cause the modified files to carry prominent notices stating that you changed the files and the date of any change. b) You must cause any work that you distribute or publish, that in whole or in part contains or is derived from the Program or any part thereof, to be licensed as a whole at no charge to all third parties under the terms of this License. c) If the modified program normally reads commands interactively when run, you must cause it, when started running for such interactive use in the most ordinary way, to print or display an announcement including an appropriate copyright notice and a notice that there is no warranty (or else, saying that you provide a warranty) and that users may redistribute the program under these conditions, and telling the user how to view a copy of this License. (Exception: if the Program itself is interactive but does not normally print such an announcement, your work based on the Program is not required to print an announcement.) These requirements apply to the modified work as a whole. If identifiable sections of that work are not derived from the Program, and can be reasonably considered independent and separate works in themselves, then this License, and its terms, do not apply to those sections when you distribute them as separate works. But when you distribute the same sections as part of a whole which is a work based on the Program, the distribution of the whole must be on the terms of this License, whose permissions for other licensees extend to the entire whole, and thus to each and every part regardless of who wrote it. Thus, it is not the intent of this section to claim rights or contest your rights to work written entirely by you; rather, the intent is to exercise the right to control the distribution of derivative or collective works based on the Program. In addition, mere aggregation of another work not based on the Program with the Program (or with a work based on the Program) on a volume of a storage or distribution medium does not bring the other work under the scope of this License. 3. You may copy and distribute the Program (or a work based on it, under Section 2) in object code or executable form under the terms of Sections 1 and 2 above provided that you also do one of the following: a) Accompany it with the complete corresponding machine-readable source code, which must be distributed under the terms of Sections 1 and 2 above on a medium customarily used for software interchange; or, b) Accompany it with a written offer, valid for at least three years, to give any third party, for a charge no more than your cost of physically performing source distribution, a complete machine-readable copy of the corresponding source code, to be distributed under the terms of Sections 1 and 2 above on a medium customarily used for software interchange; or, c) Accompany it with the information you received as to the offer to distribute corresponding source code. (This alternative is allowed only for noncommercial distribution and only if you received the program in object code or executable form with such an offer, in accord with Subsection b above.) The source code for a work means the preferred form of the work for making modifications to it. For an executable work, complete source code means all the source code for all modules it contains, plus any associated interface definition files, plus the scripts used to control compilation and installation of the executable. However, as a special exception, the source code distributed need not include anything that is normally distributed (in either source or binary form) with the major components (compiler, kernel, and so on) of the operating system on which the executable runs, unless that component itself accompanies the executable. If distribution of executable or object code is made by offering access to copy from a designated place, then offering equivalent access to copy the source code from the same place counts as distribution of the source code, even though third parties are not compelled to copy the source along with the object code. 4. You may not copy, modify, sublicense, or distribute the Program except as expressly provided under this License. Any attempt otherwise to copy, modify, sublicense or distribute the Program is void, and will automatically terminate your rights under this License. However, parties who have received copies, or rights, from you under this License will not have their licenses terminated so long as such parties remain in full compliance. 5. You are not required to accept this License, since you have not signed it. However, nothing else grants you permission to modify or distribute the Program or its derivative works. These actions are prohibited by law if you do not accept this License. Therefore, by modifying or distributing the Program (or any work based on the Program), you indicate your acceptance of this License to do so, and all its terms and conditions for copying, distributing or modifying the Program or works based on it. 6. Each time you redistribute the Program (or any work based on the Program), the recipient automatically receives a license from the original licensor to copy, distribute or modify the Program subject to these terms and conditions. You may not impose any further restrictions on the recipients' exercise of the rights granted herein. You are not responsible for enforcing compliance by third parties to this License. 7. If, as a consequence of a court judgment or allegation of patent infringement or for any other reason (not limited to patent issues), conditions are imposed on you (whether by court order, agreement or otherwise) that contradict the conditions of this License, they do not excuse you from the conditions of this License. If you cannot distribute so as to satisfy simultaneously your obligations under this License and any other pertinent obligations, then as a consequence you may not distribute the Program at all. For example, if a patent license would not permit royalty-free redistribution of the Program by all those who receive copies directly or indirectly through you, then the only way you could satisfy both it and this License would be to refrain entirely from distribution of the Program. If any portion of this section is held invalid or unenforceable under any particular circumstance, the balance of the section is intended to apply and the section as a whole is intended to apply in other circumstances. It is not the purpose of this section to induce you to infringe any patents or other property right claims or to contest validity of any such claims; this section has the sole purpose of protecting the integrity of the free software distribution system, which is implemented by public license practices. Many people have made generous contributions to the wide range of software distributed through that system in reliance on consistent application of that system; it is up to the author/donor to decide if he or she is willing to distribute software through any other system and a licensee cannot impose that choice. This section is intended to make thoroughly clear what is believed to be a consequence of the rest of this License. 8. If the distribution and/or use of the Program is restricted in certain countries either by patents or by copyrighted interfaces, the original copyright holder who places the Program under this License may add an explicit geographical distribution limitation excluding those countries, so that distribution is permitted only in or among countries not thus excluded. In such case, this License incorporates the limitation as if written in the body of this License. 9. The Free Software Foundation may publish revised and/or new versions of the General Public License from time to time. Such new versions will be similar in spirit to the present version, but may differ in detail to address new problems or concerns. Each version is given a distinguishing version number. If the Program specifies a version number of this License which applies to it and "any later version", you have the option of following the terms and conditions either of that version or of any later version published by the Free Software Foundation. If the Program does not specify a version number of this License, you may choose any version ever published by the Free Software Foundation. 10. If you wish to incorporate parts of the Program into other free programs whose distribution conditions are different, write to the author to ask for permission. For software which is copyrighted by the Free Software Foundation, write to the Free Software Foundation; we sometimes make exceptions for this. Our decision will be guided by the two goals of preserving the free status of all derivatives of our free software and of promoting the sharing and reuse of software generally. NO WARRANTY 11. BECAUSE THE PROGRAM IS LICENSED FREE OF CHARGE, THERE IS NO WARRANTY FOR THE PROGRAM, TO THE EXTENT PERMITTED BY APPLICABLE LAW. EXCEPT WHEN OTHERWISE STATED IN WRITING THE COPYRIGHT HOLDERS AND/OR OTHER PARTIES PROVIDE THE PROGRAM "AS IS" WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EITHER EXPRESSED OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. THE ENTIRE RISK AS TO THE QUALITY AND PERFORMANCE OF THE PROGRAM IS WITH YOU. SHOULD THE PROGRAM PROVE DEFECTIVE, YOU ASSUME THE COST OF ALL NECESSARY SERVICING, REPAIR OR CORRECTION. 12. IN NO EVENT UNLESS REQUIRED BY APPLICABLE LAW OR AGREED TO IN WRITING WILL ANY COPYRIGHT HOLDER, OR ANY OTHER PARTY WHO MAY MODIFY AND/OR REDISTRIBUTE THE PROGRAM AS PERMITTED ABOVE, BE LIABLE TO YOU FOR DAMAGES, INCLUDING ANY GENERAL, SPECIAL, INCIDENTAL OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES ARISING OUT OF THE USE OR INABILITY TO USE THE PROGRAM (INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO LOSS OF DATA OR DATA BEING RENDERED INACCURATE OR LOSSES SUSTAINED BY YOU OR THIRD PARTIES OR A FAILURE OF THE PROGRAM TO OPERATE WITH ANY OTHER PROGRAMS), EVEN IF SUCH HOLDER OR OTHER PARTY HAS BEEN ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGES. END OF TERMS AND CONDITIONS Appendix: How to Apply These Terms to Your New Programs If you develop a new program, and you want it to be of the greatest possible use to the public, the best way to achieve this is to make it free software which everyone can redistribute and change under these terms. To do so, attach the following notices to the program. It is safest to attach them to the start of each source file to most effectively convey the exclusion of warranty; and each file should have at least the "copyright" line and a pointer to where the full notice is found. <one line to give the program's name and a brief idea of what it does.> Copyright (C) 19yy <name of author> This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or (at your option) any later version. This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the GNU General Public License for more details. You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place - Suite 330, Boston, MA 02111-1307, USA. Also add information on how to contact you by electronic and paper mail. If the program is interactive, make it output a short notice like this when it starts in an interactive mode: Gnomovision version 69, Copyright (C) 19yy name of author Gnomovision comes with ABSOLUTELY NO WARRANTY; for details type `show w'. This is free software, and you are welcome to redistribute it under certain conditions; type `show c' for details. The hypothetical commands `show w' and `show c' should show the appropriate parts of the General Public License. Of course, the commands you use may be called something other than `show w' and `show c'; they could even be mouse-clicks or menu items--whatever suits your program. You should also get your employer (if you work as a programmer) or your school, if any, to sign a "copyright disclaimer" for the program, if necessary. Here is a sample; alter the names: Yoyodyne, Inc., hereby disclaims all copyright interest in the program `Gnomovision' (which makes passes at compilers) written by James Hacker. <signature of Ty Coon>, 1 April 1989 Ty Coon, President of Vice This General Public License does not permit incorporating your program into proprietary programs. If your program is a subroutine library, you may consider it more useful to permit linking proprietary applications with the library. If this is what you want to do, use the GNU Library General Public License instead of this License. File : Harbour\COPYING.TXT
Id: 1stread.txt 18716 2012-12-03 13:52:22Z vszakats
Harbour is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by the Free Software Foundation; either version 2, or (at your option) any later version.
This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the GNU General Public License for more details.
You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License along with this software; see the file COPYING.txt. If not, write to the Free Software Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place, Suite 330, Boston, MA 02111-1307 USA (or visit the web site ).
As a special exception, the Harbour Project gives permission for additional uses of the text contained in its release of Harbour.
The exception is that, if you link the Harbour libraries with other files to produce an executable, this does not by itself cause the resulting executable to be covered by the GNU General Public License. Your use of that executable is in no way restricted on account of linking the Harbour library code into it.
This exception does not however invalidate any other reasons why the executable file might be covered by the GNU General Public License.
This exception applies only to the code released by the Harbour Project under the name Harbour. If you copy code from other Harbour Project or Free Software Foundation releases into a copy of Harbour, as the General Public License permits, the exception does not apply to the code that you add in this way. To avoid misleading anyone as to the status of such modified files, you must delete this exception notice from them.
If you write modifications of your own for Harbour, it is your choice whether to permit this exception to apply to your modifications. If you do not wish that, delete this exception notice.
Template : Document
Name : 1st document to read
Category : Document
Subcategory: General Info
Oneliner : A starters guide to Harbour
Welcome to Harbour
Clipper is a trademark of Computer Associates and will often be referred to as CA-Cl*pper within Harbour documents. Regardless of this variant, Clipper is recognized as Computer Associates’ trademark.
Harbour is a free software compiler for the xBase superset language often referred to as Clipper (the language that is implemented by the compiler Clipper). The goal of the Harbour project is to produce a cross platform CA-Cl*pper compatible compiler.
The Harbour web site is at : http://harbour-project.org. If you have any problems with this copy of Harbour please visit our web site and ensure that you are using the latest release.
If you have any questions about Harbour please be sure to read the FAQ. Also, please be sure to read the documentation that comes with Harbour, you should find it in the same directory in which you found this file.
If you are reading this file as part of a source distribution of harbour you probably want to start by reading dirstruc.txt because this is your map to the harbour source directories.
Harbour is a superset of Clipper and is backwards compatible with nearly 100% of all Clipper 5.2x or 5.3 code. Most Clipper S’87 code will also compile and run fine, but may require some modifications to run well.
Platforms : All
Notes on early days of Clipper
Some quotations :
Clipper was originally built in 1985 as a compiler for dBASE III.
Clipper was built by Nantucket Corporation led by Barry ReBell (management) and Brian Russell (technical), and later sold to …
Brett Oliver, Jim Warner, Brian Russell, Richard McConnell …
Main architects and primary developers of Clipper and founders of Nantucket Corporation. It was 1984 when
Clipper was born.
Clipper Summer’87 Manual, “Credits” page :
Clipper 5.0 Manual, “Credits” page :
… and 30 years after birth of this phenomenal myth, one (or first) of main builders suddenly appeared : Brett Oliver !
By a comment to one page of this blog :
Not only main starter / builder of Clipper, he is also author of wonderful books :
Clipper Programming: An In-Depth Introduction to Programming
This book also is a myth.
And he told me on request, something on beginning and building story of this great myth;
Brian was working at Ashton-Tate, as was I.
I was in tech support, alongside Brian, and customers that were phoning in kept asking for a compiler.
So I approached Barry for the money to back it. He had a temp agency. I met him in the Ashton-Tate cafeteria.
I recruited Brian at lunch at a Japanese restaurant in Culver city.
Clipper was the first program Brian had written in ‘C’.
He learned C as he programmed Clipper.
I asked him when I was recruiting him if he had ever written a compiler.
He said he had written a Pascal compiler in university. (He later admitted that it had never worked!).
The first development office was a beach house in Malibu.
Tom Rettig was the editor for dNEWS at Ashton-Tate. I took over as editor of dNEWS.
I was the first VP of sales, and one of my employees was Mary Beth. I introduced her to Brian and later they married.
At the first Comdex in Vegas, Brian was upstairs in his room – coding.
He got one command to work – paint a dot on the screen. We demonstrated that one command, and showed that we could draw a box 20 times faster than dBASE.
I wrote a couple of books on Clipper, and was also on the dBASE for Windows development team at Borland.
I worked with Tom at his condo in Santa Monica for a time. Too bad he died.
Barry died in 2009.
Brian and I went dirt biking together. He loaned me his street bike for a couple of months when my car was getting fixed. He is a good guy. I think he is working in LA.
We live in San Diego, – my wife is from Liechtenstein. We have three boys.
I am Scottish. Currently programming in eCommerce.
Anyway, nice chatting.
Stay in touch.
I wish he will write more …
Harbour : Harbour compiler
HbFormat : Formats the source code according to certain criteria
HbIDE : Visual Development environment for the Harbour and other xBase dialects
Hbi18n : A tool that makes finding applications for other languages
HbMk2 : Ultimate project maker for Harbour applications
HbNetIO : Harbour NETIO Server
HbPP : Harbour preprocessor
HbRun : Console interpreter and .prg/.hrb runner for the Harbour Language
HbTest : Harbour Regression Test Suite
rcc.exe : Qt resource compiler
uic.exe : Qt User Interface Compiler
upx.exe : Ultimate Packer for eXecutables
windres : Resource compiler
Some usage tips
Harbour 3.2.0dev (Rev. 18805) Copyright (c) 1999-2013, http://harbour-project.org/ Syntax: c:\harbour\bin\harbour.exe <file[s][.prg]|@file> [options] Options: /a automatic memvar declaration /b debug info /build display detailed version info /credits display credits /d<id>[=<val>] #define <id> /es[<level>] set exit severity /fn[:[l|u]|-] set filename casing (l=lower u=upper) /fd[:[l|u]|-] set directory casing (l=lower u=upper) /fp[:<char>] set path separator /fs[-] turn filename space trimming on or off (default) /g<type> output type generated is <type> (see below) /gc[<type>] output type: C source (.c) (default) <type>: 0=compact (default) 1=normal 2=verbose 3=generate real C code /gh output type: Harbour Portable Object (.hrb) /gd[.<destext>] generate dependencies list into (.d) file /ge[<mode>] error output <mode>: 0=Clipper (default) 1=IDE friendly /i<path> #include file search path /i[-|+] disable/enable support for INCLUDE envvar /j[<file>] generate i18n gettext file (.pot) /k compilation mode (type -k? for more data) /l suppress line number information /m compile module only /n[<type>] no implicit starting procedure <type>: 0=no implicit starting procedure 1=no starting procedure at all 2=add starting procedure if necessary /o<path> object file drive and/or path /p[<path>] generate pre-processed output (.ppo) file /p+ generate pre-processor trace (.ppt) file /q quiet /q0 quiet and don't display program header /q2 disable all output messages /r:<max> set maximum number of preprocessor iterations /s[m] syntax check only [minimal for dependencies list] /u[<file>] use command def set in <file> (or none) /u+<file> add command def set from <file> /undef:<id> #undef <id> /v variables are assumed M-> /w[<level>] set warning level number (0..3, default 1) /x[<prefix>] set symbol init function name prefix (for .c only) /z suppress shortcutting (.and. & .or.) @<file> compile list of modules in <file>
Note : After HbMk2, direct use of Harbour.exe not required.
Harbour Source Formatter 3.2.0dev (Rev. 18770)
Copyright (c) 2009-2012, Alexander S.Kresin
Syntax: hbformat [options] [@config] <file[s]>
# # $Id: hbformat.ini 18847 2013-02-13 22:33:19Z vszakats $ #
# Eol: -1 - no change, 0 - OS default, 1 - DOS, 2 - UNIX #nEol = -1
# If true, convert file name to lower case #lFCaseLow = no
# If yes, converts all tabs to spaces #lNoTabs = yes
# If yes, indent code #lIndent = yes
# If yes, make case conversion #lCase = yes
# If yes, reformat spaces #lSpaces = yes
# If yes, indent "Function", "Procedure", "Class", "Method" #lIndFunc = no
# If yes, indent "Local", "Private", etc. in a function beginning #lIndVar = yes
# If yes, indent directives #lIndDrt = no
# If yes, indent "Return" #lIndRet = yes
# Leftmost indent - amount of spaces #nIndLeft = 3
# indent - amount of spaces #nIndNext = 3
# Indent for continuation ( after ';' ) lines - amount of spaces #nIndCont = 3
# If yes, convert asterisk '*' to '//' #lCnvAst = yes
# If yes, convert '&&' to '//' #lCnvAmp = yes
# Number of spaces after /* and // comments ( -1 - no change ) #nSpaceComment = 1
# If yes, convert .NOT. TO ! #lCnvNot = yes
# Case of commands ( -1 - no change, 1 - upper, 2 - lower, 3 - title ) #nCaseCmd = 1
# Case of boolean operators ( -1 - no change, 1 - upper, 2 - lower, 3 - title ) #nCaseBoo = 1
# Case of functions ( -1 - no change, 1 - upper, 2 - lower, 3 - title, 4 - as in pattern ) #nCaseFnc = 4
# Case of functions ( -1 - no change, 1 - upper, 2 - lower, 3 - title ) #nCaseUnk = -1
# Case of directives ( -1 - no change, 1 - upper, 2 - lower, 3 - title ) #nCaseDrt = 2
# Number of spaces after # in directives ( -1 - no change ) #nSpaceDrt = 0
# -1 - no change, 1 - insert empty line before a function ( procedure,class ) declaration, 2 - remove it #nLineFnc = 1
# -1 - no change, 1 - insert empty line before return, 2 - remove it #nLineRet = 1
# -1 - no change, 1 - insert empty line before variables declaration, 2 - remove it #nLineVar = 1
# -1 - no change, 1 - insert empty line before code in function, 2 - remove it #nLineCode = 1
# Max level of nesting in brackets, while space is added after a comma #nBr4Comma = 1
# Max level of nesting in brackets, while space is added after/before a bracket #nBr4Brac = 2
# Extension for a formatted file ( if empty - replace original ) #cExtSave =
# Extension for a backup file #cExtBack = bak
# List of space separated .hbx files for specifying proper casing of function names #cHBXList =
Internationalization (sometimes shortened to “I18N , meaning “I – eighteen letters -N”) is the process of planning and implementing products and services so that they can easily be adapted to specific local languages and cultures, a process called localization . The internationalization process is sometimes called translation or localization enablement .
Harbour i18n .pot/.hbl file manager 3.2.0dev (Rev. 18770)
Copyright (c) 2009-2013, Przemyslaw Czerpak
Syntax: hbi18n -m | -g | -a [-o<outfile>] [-e] [-q] <files1[.pot] ...>
-m merge given .pot files
-g generate .hbl file from given .pot files
-a add automatic translations to 1-st .pot file using
translations from other .pot or .hbl files
-o<outfile> output file name
default is first .pot file name with
.po (merge) or .hbl extension
-e do not strip empty translation rules from .hbl files
-q quiet mode
HbIDE : Visual Development environment for the Harbour and other xBase dialects
Harbour NETIO Server 3.2.0dev (Rev. 17976)
Copyright (c) 2009-2012, Przemyslaw Czerpak, Viktor Szakats
Harbour Preprocessor 3.2.0dev
Copyright (c) 1999-2013, http://harbour-project.org/
Syntax: c:\harbour\bin\hbpp <file[.prg]> [options]
Options: -d<id>[=<val>] #define <id>
-e[<func>] use <func> as entry function in generated .c
-i<path> add #include file search path
-u[<file>] use command def set in <file> (or none)
-c[<file>] look for ChangeLog file
-o<file> creates .c file with PP rules
-v<file> creates .h file with version information
-w write preprocessed (.ppo) file
-q disable information messages
Note: if neither -o nor -v is specified then -w is default action
Harbour Regression Test Suite
Copyright (c) 1999-2013, Viktor Szakats
Syntax: hbtest [options]
Options: -h, -? Display this help.
-all Display all tests, not only the failures.
-skip:<list> Skip the listed test numbers.
3rth Party :
rcc.exe : ( Qt resource compiler )
Enter rcc -? for options.
uic.exe : ( Qt User Interface Compiler )
Enter uic –help for options.
UPX.exe (Ultimate Packer for eXecutables)
Enter upx -? for options.
windres : ( Resource compiler )
Enter windres3011 –help for options.
What a preprocessor is, how will operate, and what benefits it will offer ?
What a preprocessor is, how will operate, and what benefits it will offer ?
Author : G.C. Reddy
A program that translates source code output from the preprocessor into object code. The resulting object file can then be linked to produce an executable program using the linker.
See Also: Linker, Object File, Program File
A program that combines object files created by a compiler to produce an executable program. The linker examines the supplied object files to resolve symbol references between modules. If a module refers to a symbol that is not defined by any of the modules, the linker searches one or more libraries to resolve the reference.
See Also: Library File, Object File
A program used to maintain multifile program systems. A make program takes as its input a file (make file) specifying the relationships between files. When executed the make program compares the date and time stamps of specified target files to the specified dependent files. If any of the dependent files have a more recent date and time stamp than the associated target files, a series of actions are performed.
See Also: Make File
Operating System :
The basic software program that organizes and services the computer and its peripheral devices. For example DOS operating system is organized into several layers as follows:
. Loader is the layer which brings the operating system software into memory.
. BIOS is the basic hardware interface layer that provides services to the kernel and consists of initialization code and device drivers.
. Kernel is the application interface layer and provides services for process control, memory management, peripheral support, and a file system.
. User interface shell (COMMAND.COM) provides basic services to the user including an interactive mode, directory management, and a service for loading and executing application programs.
. Support programs provide extended operating services not resident in the user interface shell.
A translation program that prepares source code for compilation by applying selective text replacements. The replacements to be made are specified by directives in the source file. In Clipper language, the preprocessor operates transparently as a part of the compiler program.
See Also : Compiler
Print Spooler :
A program running either on a local workstation or on the file server that captures print jobs to a file and then queues them for printing later. Print spoolers generally operate as background tasks in order to facilitate printing while other tasks are operating in the foreground.
Program Editor :
A program that builds and edits text files or programs.
How I can migrate DOS to Windows ?
By principle, Harbour can compile every Clipper Language program; and Harbour applications can run under Windows ( besides many other platforms ) with no problem. This is one of main goals of Harbour project.
Furthermore, Harbour compiled executables will be 32 bit, not 16
Maybe your application include many ( or too many ) .prg file; no problem; (almost) no modification required on your source code; nor extra scripts for compile. ( Thanks to Viktor Szakáts for really wonderful MAKE utility : HBMK2. )
Only care is : if “main” prg of your application doesn’t have a “main” module , add one PROCEDURE or FUNCTION statement to most top of your “main” .prg.
You can build your application via HMG by a .bat file (or direct command in the DOS box) such as :
CALL C:\hmg\build.bat /c <mainPrgName>
or via Harbour:
SET PATH=C:\harbour\bin;C:\hmg\mingw\bin;%PATH% hbmk2 <mainPrgName> -RUN
or the simplest way :
C:\harbour\bin hbmk2 <mainPrgName> -RUN
( hbmk2 will find all necessary paths / files )
Of course, you need supply name of your main .prg file in place of <mainPrgName>. You may also want to change ”C:\hmg” and “C:\hmg\harbour” according to your install configuration.
Please be careful about PATH command : If you call the the .bat file from Windows explorer, no problem. If you are working on command (DOS) box, calling repetitively .bat file may cause problem by grown of PATH . In this case you may build a separate .bat for only PATH command and call it only once at beginning of DOS session.
If you want convert a text (console) based application to GUI ( Graphical User Interface ) based Windows application, this is another thing and there isn’t any automatic way for this. You have need first a GUI library can be used into Harbour. After selecting which library is convenient to your needs and learning this library, you may begin planing steps of converting process. Writing your application from scratch may be longest but most secure way.
There are links to some articles about migration in the Links page; looking at this will be useful.
Clipper is a programming language, and it is also a compiler. The programming language is a superset of dBASE III+, and also shares some features with C/C++ and Smalltalk. It is a general-purpose, high-level programming language well suited to corporate and commercial applications development.
Clipper is also a compiler product. The Clipper compiler is (by definition) a fully conformant implementation of the Clipper programming language for IBM-PC-type personal computers running DOS-like operating systems.
There are other Clipper implementations, that have varying capabilities and run on platforms other than MS-DOS.
Q: Isn’t Clipper obsolete?
A: Clipper, the commercial compiler for DOS ? Well, it’s definitely stopped evolving; the owner company has announced that 5.3 will be the last significant release and only maintenance patches will be forthcoming.
There is a lot of maintenance work for good Clipper programmers. And when you do write that occasional new DOS program (some of us still do!), Clipper is an outstanding choice. But for most programmers in business today, yeah, there are really not too many applications that you would write from scratch with Clipper.
Clipper, the language? Definitely not obsolete. Clipper clones, improvements, and adaptations; commercial or not, are everywhere.
Note : Gathered from here.