NUMTOKEN()

NUMTOKEN()

Onliner

Retrieves the number of tokens in a string

Syntax

       NUMTOKEN( <cString>, [<cTokenizer>], [<nSkipWidth>] ) -> nTokenCount

Arguments

<cString> Designates the string that is passed.

<cDelimiter> Designates the delimiter list used by the passer.

<nSkipWidth> Designates after what number of delimiter characters or sequences to count a token. This is helpful for counting empty tokens. The default value indicates that empty tokens are not taken into account.

Returns

The number of tokens contained in the <cString> is returned.

Description

Use NUMTOKEN() to determine how many words (or tokens) are contained in the character string. The function uses the following list of delimiters as a standard: CHR 32, 0, 9, 10, 13, 26, 32, 138, 141 and the characters , .;:!?/\<<>>()ˆ#&%+-* The list can be replaced by your own list of delimiters, <cDelimiter>. Here are some examples of useful delimiters:

      ---------------------------------------------------------------------
      Description         <cDelimiter>
      ---------------------------------------------------------------------
      Pages               CHR(12)(Form Feed)
      Sentences           ".!?"
      File Names          ":\."
      Numerical strings   ",."
      Date strings        "/."
      Time strings        ":."
      ---------------------------------------------------------------------

The skip value designates the number of characters after which a token is counted again. This also allows empty tokens, like blanks within a string, to be counted.

Examples

       .  A character string is searched using the standard delimiter
          list:
          ? NUMTOKEN("Good Morning!")      // Result: 2
       .  Your own list of delimiters can be specified for particular
          reasons.  Since the delimiter list for the following example only
          contains the characters ".!?", the result is 3.
          ? NUMTOKEN("Yes!  That's it. Maybe not?", ".!?")
       .  This example shows how to count empty tokens.  Parameters
          separated by commas are counted, but some of the parameters are
          skipped.  A token is counted after at least one delimiter (comma):
          String  :=  "one,two,,four"
          ? NUMTOKEN(String, ", ", 1)      // Result: 4

Tests

       numtoken( "Hello, World!" ) ==  2
       numtoken( "This is good. See you! How do you do?", ".!?" ) == 3
       numtoken( "one,,three,four,,six", ",", 1 ) ==  6

Compliance

NUMTOKEN() is compatible with CT3’s NUMTOKEN().

Platforms

All

Files

Source is token1.c, library is libct.

Seealso

TOKEN(), ATTOKEN(), TOKENLOWER(), TOKENUPPER(), TOKENSEP()

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2 responses to “NUMTOKEN()

  1. Pingback: Harbour String Functions | Viva Clipper !

  2. Pingback: Harbour All Functions – N | Viva Clipper !

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