EXTERNAL

EXTERNAL*

Declare a list of procedure or user-defined function names to the linker

Syntax

       EXTERNAL <idProcedure list>

Arguments

<idProcedure list> is the list of procedures, user-defined functions, or format procedures to add to the list of routines that will be linked into the current executable (.EXE) file.

Description

EXTERNAL is a declaration statement that specifies uncoded references to the linker. Like all other declaration statements, an EXTERNAL statement must be specified before any executable statements in either the program file, or a procedure or user-defined function definition.

During the compilation of Harbour source code, all explicit references to procedures and user-defined functions are made to the linker. In some instances, there may be no references made to procedure or user-defined function names until runtime. EXTERNAL resolves this by forcing the named procedures or user-defined functions to be linked even if they are not explicitly referenced in the source file. This is important in several instances:

. Procedures, user-defined functions, or formats referenced with macro expressions or variables

. Procedures and user-defined functions used in REPORT and LABEL FORMs and not referenced in the source code . User-defined functions used in index keys and not referenced in the source code

. ACHOICE(), DBEDIT(), or MEMOEDIT() user functions

To group common EXTERNAL declarations together, place them in a header file and then include (#include) the header file into each program (.prg) file that might indirectly use them.

EXTERNAL is a compatibility statement and therefore not recommended. It is superseded by the REQUEST statement that defines a list of module identifiers to the linker.

Examples

       .  These examples are equivalent header files consisting of
          common EXTERNAL references for REPORT FORMs:
       // Externals.ch
       EXTERNAL HARDCR
       EXTERNAL TONE
       EXTERNAL MEMOTRAN
       EXTERNAL STRTRAN
       // Externals.ch
       EXTERNAL HARDCR, TONE, MEMOTRAN, STRTRAN

Seealso

#include, REQUEST

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One response to “EXTERNAL

  1. Pingback: Harbour Statements | Viva Clipper !

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