LOCATE

LOCATE

Search sequentially for a record matching a condition

Syntax

      LOCATE [<scope>] FOR <lCondition>
             [WHILE <lCondition>]

Arguments

<scope> is the portion of the current database file in which to perform the LOCATE. The default scope is ALL records.

FOR <lCondition> specifies the next record to LOCATE within the given scope.

WHILE <lCondition> specifies the set of records meeting the condition from the current record until the condition fails.

Description

LOCATE is a database command that searches for the first record in the current work area that matches the specified conditions and scope. When you first execute a LOCATE, it searches from the beginning record of the scope for the first matching record in the current work area. It terminates when a match is found or the end of the LOCATE scope is reached. If it is successful, the matching record becomes the current record and FOUND() returns true (.T.). If it is unsuccessful, FOUND() returns false (.F.) and the positioning of the record pointer depends on the controlling scope of the LOCATE.

Each work area can have its own LOCATE condition. The condition remains active until you execute another LOCATE command in that work area or the application terminates.

LOCATE works with CONTINUE. Once a LOCATE has been issued, you can resume the search from the current record pointer position with CONTINUE. There are, however, some exceptions. See note below.

Notes

. CONTINUE: Both the <scope> and the WHILE condition apply only to the initial LOCATE and are not operational for any subsequent CONTINUE commands. To continue a pending LOCATE with a scope or WHILE condition, use SKIP then LOCATE REST WHILE <lCondition> instead of CONTINUE.

Examples

      .  These examples show typical LOCATEs:
      USE Sales INDEX Salesman
      LOCATE FOR Branch = "200"
      ? FOUND(), EOF(), RECNO()         // Result: .T. .F. 5
      LOCATE FOR Branch = "5000"
      ? FOUND(), EOF(), RECNO()         // Result: .F. .T. 85
      .  This example shows a LOCATE with a WHILE condition that is
         continued by using LOCATE REST:
      SEEK "Bill"
      LOCATE FOR Branch = "200" WHILE Salesman = "Bill"
      DO WHILE FOUND()
         ? Branch, Salesman
         SKIP
         LOCATE REST FOR Branch = "200" WHILE ;
                  Salesman = "Bill"
      ENDDO

Seealso

CONTINUE, EOF(), FOUND(), SEEK, SET FILTER

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