How I can insert a new …

How I can insert  a new item to an array ?

Short answer : We have a special function : AIns()
Long Answer :

AIns() function may cause some confusions when documentation not read carefully:

This function inserts a NIL value in the array named <aArray> at the <nPos>th position.

All array elements starting with the <nPos>th position will be shifted down one subscript position in the array list and the last item in the array will be removed completely.

 

Let’s try:

 aTest := { 'One', 'Two', 'Four' }
 AIns( aTest, 3 ) 
 AEVAL( aTest, { | c1 | QQOUT( c1, '' ) } ) 
 

Result : One Two NIL: “Four” lost !

Since it’s NIL, we can assign a value to it:

 aTest := { 'One', 'Two', 'Four' }
 AIns( aTest, 3 )
 aTest[ 3 ] := "Three"
 AEVAL( aTest, { | c1 | QQOUT( c1, '' ) } ) 
 

Result : One Two Three: “Four” lost !

Before insert we can add a dummy item to end of array:

 aTest := { 'One', 'Two', 'Four' }
 AADD( aTest, NIL )
 AIns( aTest, 3 )
 aTest[ 3 ] := "Three"
 AEVAL( aTest, { | c1 | QQOUT( c1, '' ) } ) 
 

Result : One Two Three Four : OK
Or we can change size of array :

 aTest := { 'One', 'Two', 'Four' }
 ASIZE( aTest, 4 )
 AIns( aTest, 3 )
 aTest[ 3 ] := "Three"
 AEVAL( aTest, { | c1 | QQOUT( c1, '' ) } ) 
 

Result : One Two Three Four : OK

But wait; we have another possibility: a new Harbour function:

 aTest := { 'One', 'Two', 'Four' }
 HB_AIns( aTest, 3, "Three" )
 AEVAL( aTest, { | c1 | QQOUT( c1, '' ) } ) 

Result : One Two Three: “Four” lost !

And we have a fourth parameter : Grow or not:

 aTest := { 'One', 'Two', 'Four' }
 HB_AIns( aTest, 3, "Three", .T. )
 AEVAL( aTest, { | c1 | QQOUT( c1, '' ) } ) 
 

Result : One Two Three Four

That’s all !

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One response to “How I can insert a new …

  1. Pingback: How I Can Do … | Viva Clipper !

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