# EXPONENT()

### EXPONENT()

Evaluate the exponent of a floating point number

Syntax

`      EXPONENT( <nFloatingPointNumber> ) --> nExponent`

Arguments

<nFloatingPointNumber> Designate any Harbour number.

Returns

EXPONENT() returns the exponent of the <nFloatingPointNumber> number in base 2.

Description

This function supplements MANTISSA() to return the exponent of the <nFloatingPointNumber> number.

Values > 1 or values < -1 return a positive number 0 to 1023.

Values < 1 or values > -1 return a negative number -1 to -1023.

The EXPONENT( 0 ), return 0.

The following calculation reproduces the original value:

2ˆEXPONENT(<nFloatingPointNumber>) * MANTISSA(<nFloatingPointNumber>) = <nFloatingPointNumber>

Compliance

EXPONENT() is compatible with CT3’s EXPONENT()

Platforms

All

Files

Source is exponent.c, library is libct.

Seealso

MANTISSA()

# CT_MANTISSA

``` MANTISSA()
Determines the mantissa of a floating point number (base2)
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Syntax

MANTISSA(<nFloatingPointNumber>) --> nMantissa

Arguments

<nFloatingPointNumber>  Designates any decimal number.

Returns

MANTISSA() returns the mantissa of the <nFloatingPointNumber> number.

Description

This function supplements EXPONENT() to return the mantissa of the
<nFloatingPointNumber> number.

Notes

.  The mantissa value can be 0 or in the range of 1 to 2.

.  The following calculation reproduces the original value:

MANTISSA(<nFloatingPointNumber>)* 2^EXPONENT(<FloatingPointNumber =
<nFloatingPointNumber>)

Example

Display the mantissa for the following values:

? MANTISSA(0)            // Result:  0.00
? MANTISSA(100)          // Result:  1.56
? MANTISSA(INFINITY)     // Result:  2.00
? MANTISSA(0.01)         // Result:  1.28
? MANTISSA(-100)         // Result: -1.56
? MANTISSA(-0.01)        // Result: -1.28
? MANTISSA(-1.01)        // Result: -1.01
? MANTISSA(-2.01)        // Result: -1.01```

# Tools – Numbers/Bit Manipulation

```Introduction
BITTOC()     Converts position-dependent bits into characters
CELSIUS()    Converts a Fahrenheit temperature value into Celsius
CLEARBIT()   Clears one or more bits within a number to zero
CTOBIT()     Converts a character string into a bit pattern
CTOF()       Converts a special 8-byte string into a floating point number
CTON()       Converts a numeric string into a different base
EXPONENT()   Determines the exponent of a floating point number (base 2)
FAHRENHEIT() Converts a temperature value from Celsius into Fahrenheit
FTOC()       Converts a floating point number into a special 8-byte string
INFINITY()   Creates the largest number possible (21023)
INTNEG()     Converts an unsigned integer into a signed integer
INTPOS()     Converts a signed integer into an unsigned integer
ISBIT()      Tests the bits in a number
LTON()       Converts a logical value into a numeric value
MANTISSA()   Determines the mantissa of a floating point number (base2)
NTOC()       Converts numbers in a digit string into a different number base
NUMAND()     Performs a 16-bit "AND" of a list of numbers
NUMCOUNT()   Uses the internal CA-Clipper Tools counter
NUMHIGH()    Returns the higher value byte in a 16-bit number
NUMLOW()     Returns the lower value byte in a 16-bit number
NUMMIRR()    Mirrors 8-bit or 16-bit values
NUMNOT()     Performs a 16-bit "NOT" of a number
NUMOR()      Performs a 16-bit "OR" of a list of numbers
NUMROL()     Performs a 16-bit left rotation of a number
NUMXOR()     Performs a 16-bit "XOR" of two numbers
RAND()       Generates random numbers
RANDOM()     Generates random numbers
SETBIT()     Sets one or more bits in a number```