Display records to the console


      DISPLAY <exp list>
             [TO PRINTER] [TO FILE <xcFile>]
             [<scope>] [WHILE <lCondition>]
             [FOR <lCondition>] [OFF]


<exp list> is the list of values to display for each record processed.

TO PRINTER echoes output to the printer.

TO FILE <xcFile> echoes output to the indicated file which can be specified either as a literal file name or as a character expression enclosed in parentheses. If an extension is not specified, .txt is added.

<scope> is the portion of the current database file to DISPLAY. The default is the current record, or NEXT 1. If a condition is specified, the scope becomes ALL.

WHILE <lCondition> specifies the set of records meeting the condition from the current record until the condition fails.

FOR <lCondition> specifies the conditional set of records to DISPLAY within the given scope.

OFF suppresses the display of the record number.


DISPLAY is a database command that sequentially accesses records in the current work area, sending the results of the <exp list> to the console in a tabular format with each column separated by a space. The command does not display column headers or pause at predetermined intervals. DISPLAY is identical to LIST with the exception that its default scope is NEXT 1 rather than ALL.

When invoked, output is sent to the screen and optionally to the printer and/or a file. To suppress output to the screen while printing or echoing output to a file, SET CONSOLE OFF before the DISPLAY command line.


. Interrupting output: To let the user interrupt the processing of a DISPLAY command, using the INKEY() function, add a test for the interrupt key press to the FOR condition. See the example below. . Printer margin: Since DISPLAY is a console command, it honors the current SET MARGIN for output echoed to the printer.


      .  This example illustrates a simple DISPLAY, and a conditional
      DISPLAY to the printer:
      USE Sales NEW
      DISPLAY DATE(), TIME(), Branch
      DISPLAY Branch, Salesman FOR Amount > 500 TO PRINTER
      .  This example interrupts a DISPLAY using INKEY() to test
      whether the user pressed the Esc key:
      #define K_ESC  27
      USE Sales INDEX SalesMan NEW
      DISPLAY Branch, Salesman, Amount WHILE ;
         INKEY() != K_ESC




 Set the page offset for all printed output

     SET MARGIN TO [<nPageOffset>]


     TO <nPageOffset> is a positive number that defines the number of
     column positions to indent from the left side of the page for subsequent
     printed output.  A negative value resets the MARGIN to zero.

     SET MARGIN TO with no argument resets the page offset to zero, the
     default value.


     SET MARGIN is valid for all output directed to the printer from console
     commands and @...SAY.  With console output, the <nPageOffset> indent is
     output whenever there is a new line.  With @...SAY, <nPageOffset> is
     added to each column value.  SET MARGIN has no effect on screen output.

     Note:  Printing with @...SAY and PCOL() with a MARGIN SET in most
     cases adds the MARGIN to each column position.  This happens because
     PCOL() accurately reflects the print column position including the last
     <nPageOffset> output.  The best approach is to avoid the use of SET
     MARGIN with PCOL() for relative column addressing.


     .  This example sets a page offset of 5, and then prints a list
        from Sales.dbf:

        USE Sales NEW
        SET MARGIN TO 5
        LIST Branch, Salesman TO PRINTER

 Files   Library is CLIPPER.LIB.



C5 Commands

 ?|??            Display one or more values to the console
 @...BOX         Draw a box on the screen
 @...CLEAR       Clear a rectangular region of the screen
 @...GET         Create a new Get object and display it
 @...PROMPT      Paint a menu item and define a message
 @...SAY         Display data at a specified screen or printer row and column
 @...TO          Draw a single- or double-line box
 ACCEPT*         Place keyboard input into a memory variable
 APPEND BLANK    Add a new record to the current database file
 APPEND FROM     Import records from a database (.dbf) file or ASCII text file
 AVERAGE         Average numeric expressions in the current work area
 CALL*           Execute a C or Assembler procedure
 CANCEL*         Terminate program processing
 CLEAR ALL*      Close files and release public and private variables
 CLEAR GETS      Release Get objects from the current GetList array
 CLEAR MEMORY    Release all public and private variables
 CLEAR SCREEN    Clear the screen and return the cursor home
 CLEAR TYPEAHEAD Empty the keyboard buffer
 CLOSE           Close a specific set of files
 COMMIT          Perform a solid-disk write for all active work areas
 CONTINUE        Resume a pending LOCATE
 COPY FILE       Copy a file to a new file or to a device
 COPY STRUCTURE  Copy the current .dbf structure to a new database (.dbf) file
 COPY STRU EXTE  Copy field definitions to a .dbf file
 COPY TO         Export records to a database (.dbf) file or ASCII text file
 COUNT           Tally records to a variable
 CREATE          Create an empty structure extended (.dbf) file
 CREATE FROM     Create a new .dbf file from a structure extended file
 DELETE          Mark records for deletion
 DELETE FILE     Remove a file from disk
 DELETE TAG      Delete a tag
 DIR*            Display a listing of files from a specified path
 DISPLAY         Display records to the console
 EJECT           Advance the printhead to top of form
 ERASE           Remove a file from disk
 FIND*           Search an index for a specified key value
 GO              Move the pointer to the specified identity
 INDEX           Create an index file
 INPUT*          Enter the result of an expression into a variable
 JOIN            Create a new database file by merging from two work areas
 KEYBOARD        Stuff a string into the keyboard buffer
 LABEL FORM      Display labels to the console
 LIST            List records to the console
 LOCATE          Search sequentially for a record matching a condition
 MENU TO         Execute a lightbar menu for defined PROMPTs
 NOTE*           Place a single-line comment in a program file
 PACK            Remove deleted records from a database file
 QUIT            Terminate program processing
 READ            Activate full-screen editing mode using Get objects
 RECALL          Restore records marked for deletion
 REINDEX         Rebuild open indexes in the current work area
 RELEASE         Delete public and private memory variables
 RENAME          Change the name of a file
 REPLACE         Assign new values to field variables
 REPORT FORM     Display a report to the console
 RESTORE         Retrieve memory variables from a memory (.mem) file
 RESTORE SCREEN* Display a saved screen
 RUN             Execute a DOS command or program
 SAVE            Save variables to a memory (.mem) file
 SAVE SCREEN*    Save the current screen to a buffer or variable
 SEEK            Search an order for a specified key value
 SELECT          Change the current work area
 SET ALTERNATE   Echo console output to a text file
 SET BELL        Toggle sounding of the bell during full-screen operations
 SET CENTURY     Modify the date format to include or omit century digits
 SET COLOR*      Define screen colors
 SET CONFIRM     Toggle required exit key to terminate GETs
 SET CONSOLE     Toggle console display to the screen
 SET CURSOR      Toggle the screen cursor on or off
 SET DATE        Set the date format for input and display
 SET DECIMALS    Set the number of decimal places to be displayed
 SET DEFAULT     Set the CA-Clipper default drive and directory
 SET DELETED     Toggle filtering of deleted records
 SET DELIMITERS  Toggle or define GET delimiters
 SET DESCENDING  Change the descending flag of the controlling order
 SET DEVICE      Direct @...SAYs to the screen or printer
 SET EPOCH       Control the interpretation of dates with no century digits
 SET ESCAPE      Toggle Esc as a READ exit key
 SET EXACT*      Toggle exact matches for character strings
 SET EXCLUSIVE*  Establish shared or exclusive USE of database files
 SET FILTER      Hide records not meeting a condition
 SET FIXED       Toggle fixing of the number of decimal digits displayed
 SET FORMAT*     Activate a format when READ is executed
 SET FUNCTION    Assign a character string to a function key
 SET INDEX       Open one or more order bags in the current work area
 SET INTENSITY   Toggle enhanced display of GETs and PROMPTs
 SET KEY         Assign a procedure invocation to a key
 SET MARGIN      Set the page offset for all printed output
 SET MEMOBLOCK   Change the block size for memo files
 SET MESSAGE     Set the @...PROMPT message line row
 SET OPTIMIZE    Change the setting that optimizes using open orders
 SET ORDER       Select the controlling order
 SET PATH        Specify the CA-Clipper search path for opening files
 SET PRINTER     Toggle echo of output to printer or set the print destination
 SET PROCEDURE*  Compile procedures and functions into the current object file
 SET RELATION    Relate two work areas by a key value or record number
 SET SCOPE       Change the boundaries for scoping keys in controlling order
 SET SCOPEBOTTOM Change bottom boundary for scoping keys in controlling order
 SET SCOPETOP    Change top boundary for scoping keys in controlling order
 SET SCOREBOARD  Toggle the message display from READ or MEMOEDIT()
 SET SOFTSEEK    Toggle relative seeking
 SET TYPEAHEAD   Set the size of the keyboard buffer
 SET UNIQUE*     Toggle inclusion of non-unique keys into an index
 SET WRAP*       Toggle wrapping of the highlight in menus
 SKIP            Move the record pointer to a new position
 SORT            Copy to a database (.dbf) file in sorted order
 STORE*          Assign a value to one or more variables
 SUM             Sum numeric expressions and assign results to variables
 TEXT*           Display a literal block of text
 TOTAL           Summarize records by key value to a database (.dbf) file
 TYPE            Display the contents of a text file
 UNLOCK          Release file/record locks set by the current user
 UPDATE          Update current database file from another database file
 USE             Open an existing database (.dbf) and its associated files
 WAIT*           Suspend program processing until a key is pressed
 ZAP             Remove all records from the current database file


CL5 Printing Commands, Statements and Funtions

?/?? :

Display or print one or more values to the console or printer

? | ?? [<exp list>]

@…SAY :

Display or print data at a specified screen or printer row and column

@ <nRow>, <nCol>
   [SAY <exp>
   [PICTURE <cSayPicture>]
   [COLOR <cColorString>]]
   [GET <idVar>
   [PICTURE <cGetPicture>]
   [COLOR <cColorString>]]
   [WHEN <lPreExpression>]
   [RANGE* <dnLower>, <dnUpper>] |
   [VALID <lPostExpression>]


Move the cursor or printhead to a new position depending on the current device

DEVPOS(<nRow>, <nCol>) --> NIL


Display or print records to the console or printer

DISPLAY <exp list>
   [TO PRINTER] [TO FILE <xcFile>]
   [<scope>] [WHILE <lCondition>]
   [FOR <lCondition>] [OFF]


Advance the print head to top of form



Determine whether the LPT1 is ready

ISPRINTER() --> lReady


Display or print labels to the console or printer

LABEL FORM <xcLabel>
   [<scope>] [WHILE <lCondition>] [FOR <lCondition>]


List or print records to the console or printer

LIST <exp list>
   [TO PRINTER] [TO FILE <xcFile>]
   [<scope>] [WHILE <lCondition>]
   [FOR <lCondition>] [OFF]


Write a list of values to the standard output device

OUTSTD(<exp list>) --> NIL

PCOL() :

Return the current column position of the printhead

PCOL() --> nColumn

PROW() :

Return the current row position of the printhead

PROW() --> nRow

QOUT() :

Display or print a list of expressions to the console or printer

QOUT( [ <exp list> ] ) --> NIL
QQOUT( [ <exp list> ] ) --> NIL


Display or print a report to the console or printer

REPORT FORM <xcReport>
   [<scope>] [WHILE <lCondition>] [FOR <lCondition>]


Set the page offset for all printed pages

SET MARGIN TO [<nPageOffset>]


Toggle echo of console output to the printer or set the destination of printed output

SET PRINTER on | OFF | <xlToggle>
SET PRINTER TO [<xcDevice> | <xcFile> [ADDITIVE]]


Set PROW() and PCOL() values

SETPRC(<nRow>, <nCol>) --> NIL


Display or print the contents of a text file

TYPE <xcFile> [TO PRINTER] [TO FILE <xcOutFile>]