C5_SET SOFTSEEK

SET SOFTSEEK
 Toggle relative seeking
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 Syntax

     SET SOFTSEEK on | OFF | <xlToggle>

 Arguments

     ON causes the record pointer to be moved to the next record with a
     higher key after a failed index search.

     OFF causes the record pointer to be moved to EOF() after a failed
     index search.

     <xlToggle> is a logical expression that must be enclosed in
     parentheses.  A value of true (.T.) is the same as ON, and a value of
     false (.F.) is the same as OFF.

 Description

     SET SOFTSEEK enables relative seeking, a method of searching an index
     and returning a record even if there is no match for a specified key.

     When SOFTSEEK is ON and a match for a SEEK is not found, the record
     pointer is set to the next record in the index with a higher key value
     than the SEEK argument.  Records are not visible because SET FILTER
     and/or SET DELETED are skipped when searching for the next higher key
     value.  If there is no record with a higher key value, the record
     pointer is positioned at LASTREC() + 1, EOF() returns true (.T.), and
     FOUND() returns false (.F.).  FOUND() returns true (.T.) only if the
     record is actually found.  It never returns true (.T.) for a relative
     find.

     When SOFTSEEK is OFF and a SEEK is unsuccessful, the record pointer is
     positioned at LASTREC() + 1, EOF() returns true (.T.), and FOUND()
     returns false (.F.).

 Notes

     .  SET RELATION: SET RELATION ignores SOFTSEEK updating the
        record pointer in all linked child work areas as if SOFTSEEK is OFF.

 Examples

     .  This example illustrates the possible results of a SEEK with
        SET SOFTSEEK ON:

        SET SOFTSEEK ON
        USE Salesman INDEX Salesman NEW
        ACCEPT "Enter Salesman: " TO cSearch
        SEEK cSearch
        DO CASE
        CASE FIELD->Salesman = cSearch
           ? "Match found:", FOUND(), EOF(), FIELD->Salesman
        CASE !EOF()
           ? "Soft match found:", FOUND(), EOF(), ;
                    FIELD->Salesman
        OTHERWISE
           ? "No key matches:", FOUND(), EOF(), FIELD->Salesman
        ENDCASE

 Files   Library is CLIPPER.LIB.

See Also: FOUND() SEEK SET INDEX SET ORDER SET RELATION



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C5 Commands

 ?|??            Display one or more values to the console
 @...BOX         Draw a box on the screen
 @...CLEAR       Clear a rectangular region of the screen
 @...GET         Create a new Get object and display it
 @...PROMPT      Paint a menu item and define a message
 @...SAY         Display data at a specified screen or printer row and column
 @...TO          Draw a single- or double-line box
 ACCEPT*         Place keyboard input into a memory variable
 APPEND BLANK    Add a new record to the current database file
 APPEND FROM     Import records from a database (.dbf) file or ASCII text file
 AVERAGE         Average numeric expressions in the current work area
 CALL*           Execute a C or Assembler procedure
 CANCEL*         Terminate program processing
 CLEAR ALL*      Close files and release public and private variables
 CLEAR GETS      Release Get objects from the current GetList array
 CLEAR MEMORY    Release all public and private variables
 CLEAR SCREEN    Clear the screen and return the cursor home
 CLEAR TYPEAHEAD Empty the keyboard buffer
 CLOSE           Close a specific set of files
 COMMIT          Perform a solid-disk write for all active work areas
 CONTINUE        Resume a pending LOCATE
 COPY FILE       Copy a file to a new file or to a device
 COPY STRUCTURE  Copy the current .dbf structure to a new database (.dbf) file
 COPY STRU EXTE  Copy field definitions to a .dbf file
 COPY TO         Export records to a database (.dbf) file or ASCII text file
 COUNT           Tally records to a variable
 CREATE          Create an empty structure extended (.dbf) file
 CREATE FROM     Create a new .dbf file from a structure extended file
 DELETE          Mark records for deletion
 DELETE FILE     Remove a file from disk
 DELETE TAG      Delete a tag
 DIR*            Display a listing of files from a specified path
 DISPLAY         Display records to the console
 EJECT           Advance the printhead to top of form
 ERASE           Remove a file from disk
 FIND*           Search an index for a specified key value
 GO              Move the pointer to the specified identity
 INDEX           Create an index file
 INPUT*          Enter the result of an expression into a variable
 JOIN            Create a new database file by merging from two work areas
 KEYBOARD        Stuff a string into the keyboard buffer
 LABEL FORM      Display labels to the console
 LIST            List records to the console
 LOCATE          Search sequentially for a record matching a condition
 MENU TO         Execute a lightbar menu for defined PROMPTs
 NOTE*           Place a single-line comment in a program file
 PACK            Remove deleted records from a database file
 QUIT            Terminate program processing
 READ            Activate full-screen editing mode using Get objects
 RECALL          Restore records marked for deletion
 REINDEX         Rebuild open indexes in the current work area
 RELEASE         Delete public and private memory variables
 RENAME          Change the name of a file
 REPLACE         Assign new values to field variables
 REPORT FORM     Display a report to the console
 RESTORE         Retrieve memory variables from a memory (.mem) file
 RESTORE SCREEN* Display a saved screen
 RUN             Execute a DOS command or program
 SAVE            Save variables to a memory (.mem) file
 SAVE SCREEN*    Save the current screen to a buffer or variable
 SEEK            Search an order for a specified key value
 SELECT          Change the current work area
 SET ALTERNATE   Echo console output to a text file
 SET BELL        Toggle sounding of the bell during full-screen operations
 SET CENTURY     Modify the date format to include or omit century digits
 SET COLOR*      Define screen colors
 SET CONFIRM     Toggle required exit key to terminate GETs
 SET CONSOLE     Toggle console display to the screen
 SET CURSOR      Toggle the screen cursor on or off
 SET DATE        Set the date format for input and display
 SET DECIMALS    Set the number of decimal places to be displayed
 SET DEFAULT     Set the CA-Clipper default drive and directory
 SET DELETED     Toggle filtering of deleted records
 SET DELIMITERS  Toggle or define GET delimiters
 SET DESCENDING  Change the descending flag of the controlling order
 SET DEVICE      Direct @...SAYs to the screen or printer
 SET EPOCH       Control the interpretation of dates with no century digits
 SET ESCAPE      Toggle Esc as a READ exit key
 SET EXACT*      Toggle exact matches for character strings
 SET EXCLUSIVE*  Establish shared or exclusive USE of database files
 SET FILTER      Hide records not meeting a condition
 SET FIXED       Toggle fixing of the number of decimal digits displayed
 SET FORMAT*     Activate a format when READ is executed
 SET FUNCTION    Assign a character string to a function key
 SET INDEX       Open one or more order bags in the current work area
 SET INTENSITY   Toggle enhanced display of GETs and PROMPTs
 SET KEY         Assign a procedure invocation to a key
 SET MARGIN      Set the page offset for all printed output
 SET MEMOBLOCK   Change the block size for memo files
 SET MESSAGE     Set the @...PROMPT message line row
 SET OPTIMIZE    Change the setting that optimizes using open orders
 SET ORDER       Select the controlling order
 SET PATH        Specify the CA-Clipper search path for opening files
 SET PRINTER     Toggle echo of output to printer or set the print destination
 SET PROCEDURE*  Compile procedures and functions into the current object file
 SET RELATION    Relate two work areas by a key value or record number
 SET SCOPE       Change the boundaries for scoping keys in controlling order
 SET SCOPEBOTTOM Change bottom boundary for scoping keys in controlling order
 SET SCOPETOP    Change top boundary for scoping keys in controlling order
 SET SCOREBOARD  Toggle the message display from READ or MEMOEDIT()
 SET SOFTSEEK    Toggle relative seeking
 SET TYPEAHEAD   Set the size of the keyboard buffer
 SET UNIQUE*     Toggle inclusion of non-unique keys into an index
 SET WRAP*       Toggle wrapping of the highlight in menus
 SKIP            Move the record pointer to a new position
 SORT            Copy to a database (.dbf) file in sorted order
 STORE*          Assign a value to one or more variables
 SUM             Sum numeric expressions and assign results to variables
 TEXT*           Display a literal block of text
 TOTAL           Summarize records by key value to a database (.dbf) file
 TYPE            Display the contents of a text file
 UNLOCK          Release file/record locks set by the current user
 UPDATE          Update current database file from another database file
 USE             Open an existing database (.dbf) and its associated files
 WAIT*           Suspend program processing until a key is pressed
 ZAP             Remove all records from the current database file

 

OrdWildSeek()

OrdWildSeek()

Searches a value in the controlling index using wild card characters.
Syntax : OrdWildSeek( <cWildCardString>,; 
                      [<lCurrentRec>] , ;
                      [<lBackwards>] ) --> lFound

Arguments :

<cWildCardString> :

This is a character string to search in the controlling index. It may include 
the wild card characters "?" and "*". The question mark matches a single 
character, while the asterisk matches one or more characters.

<lCurrentRec> :

This parameter defaults to .F. (false) causing OrdWildSeek() to begin the 
search with the first record included in the controlling index. When .T. 
(true) is passed, the function begins the search with the current record.

<lBackwards> :

If .T. (true) is passed, OrdWildSeek() searches <cWildCardString> towards 
the begin of file. The default value is .F. (false), i.e. the function 
searches towards the end of file. 

Return :

The function returns .T. (true) if a record matching <cWildCardString> is 
found in the controlling index, otherwise .F. (false) is returned.

Description :

OrdWildSeek() searches a character string that may include wild card 
characters in the controlling index. This allows for collecting subsets 
of records based on an approximate search string. Records matching the 
search string are found in the controlling index, and the record pointer 
is positioned on the found record.

When a matching record is found, the function Found() returns .T. (true) 
until the record pointer is moved again. In addition, both functions, 
BoF() and EoF() return .F. (false).

If the searched value is not found, OrdWildSeek() positions the record 
pointer on the "ghost record" (Lastrec()+1), and the function Found() 
returns .F. (false), while Eof() returns .T. (true). The SET SOFTSEEK 
setting is ignored by OrdWildSeek().

Info :

See also: DbSeek(), LOCATE, OrdFindRec(), OrdKeyGoto(), WildMatch()

Category: Database functions, Index functions, extensions

Example :

// The example uses two wildcard search strings to show
// possible search results of OrdWildSeek()

PROCEDURE Main
   LOCAL aCust := {}

   USE Customer
   INDEX ON Upper(LastName) TO Cust01

   DO WHILE OrdWildSeek( "*MAN?", .T. )
     AAdd( aCust, FIELD->Lastname )
   ENDDO

   AEval( aCust, {|c| QOut(c) } )
   // Found records:
   // Dormann
   // Feldman

   GO TOP
   aCust := {}
   DO WHILE OrdWildSeek( "*EL*", .T. )
      AAdd( aCust, FIELD->Lastname )
   ENDDO

   AEval( aCust, {|c| QOut(c) } )
   // Found records:
   // Feldman
   // Hellstrom
   // Keller
   // Reichel
   USE
RETURN

Note : Harbour has this function without documentation. This page borrowed 
from xHarbour and not tested. Please beware about Unicode.

C5 Database Commands

Database Commands and Statements

APPEND BLANK

Add a new record to current database file.

APPEND BLANK

APPEND FROM :

Import records from a (.dbf) or ASCII file

APPEND FROM <xcFile>
     [FIELDS <idField list>]
     [<scope>] 
     [WHILE <lCondition>] 
     [FOR <lCondition>]
     [SDF | DELIMITED [WITH BLANK | <xcDelimiter>] |
     [VIA <xcDriver>]]

AVERAGE :

Average numeric expressions in the current work area

AVERAGE <nExp list> TO <idVar list> 
     [<scope>] 
     [WHILE <lCondition>] 
     [FOR <lCondition>]

CLEAR ALL* :

Close files and release public and private variables.

CLEAR ALL

CLOSE :

Close a specific set of files

CLOSE [<idAlias> | ALL | ALTERNATE | DATABASES | FORMAT |INDEXES ]

COMMIT :

Perform a solid-disk write for all active work areas

COMMIT

CONTINUE :

Resume a pending LOCATE

CONTINUE

COPY STRUCTURE :

Copy the current (.dbf) structure to a new (.dbf) file

COPY STRUCTURE [FIELDS <idField list>] TO <xcDatabase>

COPY STRUCTURE EXTENDED :

Copy field definitions to a (.dbf) file

COPY STRUCTURE EXTENDED TO <xcExtendedDatabase>

COPY TO :

Export records to a new (.dbf) or ASCII file

COPY [FIELDS <idField list>] TO <xcFile>
     [<scope>] 
     [WHILE <lCondition>] 
     [FOR <lCondition>]
     [SDF | DELIMITED [WITH BLANK | <xcDelimiter>] |
     [VIA <xcDriver>]]

COUNT :

Tally records to a variable

COUNT TO <idVar>
     [<scope>] 
     [WHILE <lCondition>] 
     [FOR <lCondition>]

CREATE :

Create an empty structure extended (.dbf) file

CREATE <xcExtendedDatabase>

CREATE FROM :

Create a new (.dbf) file from a structure extended file

CREATE <xcDatabase> 
    FROM <xcExtendedDatabase> 
    [NEW]
    [ALIAS <xcAlias>] 
    [VIA <cDriver>]

DELETE :

Mark records for deletion

DELETE [<scope>] 
    [WHILE <lCondition>]
    [FOR <lCondition>]

FIELD :

Declare database field names

FIELD <idField list> [IN <idAlias>]

FIND* :

Search an index for a specified key value

FIND <xcSearchString>

GO :

Move the record pointer to a specific record

GO[TO] <nRecord> | BOTTOM | TOP

JOIN :

Merge two (.dbf) files to create a new (.dbf) file

JOIN WITH <xcAlias> TO <xcDatabase>
     FOR <lCondition> 
     [FIELDS <idField list>]

LOCATE :

Search sequentially for a record matching a condition

LOCATE [<scope>] 
    FOR <lCondition>
    [WHILE <lCondition>]

PACK :

Remove deleted records from a database file

PACK

RECALL :

Restore records marked for deletion

RECALL [<scope>] 
     [WHILE <lCondition>]
     [FOR <lCondition>]

REPLACE :

Assign new values to field variables

REPLACE <idField> WITH <exp>
    [, <idField2> WITH <exp2>...]
    [<scope>] 
    [WHILE <lCondition>] 
    [FOR <lCondition>]

SEEK :

Search an index for a specified key value

SEEK <expSearch>

SELECT :

Change the current work area

SELECT <xnWorkArea> | <idAlias>

SET DELETED :

Toggle filtering of deleted records

SET DELETED on | OFF | <xlToggle>

SET EXCLUSIVE :

Establish shared or exclusive USE of database files

SET EXCLUSIVE ON | off | <xlToggle>

SET FILTER :

Hide records not meeting a condition

SET FILTER TO [<lCondition>]

SET  MEMOBLOCK :

     Change the block size for memo files

     SET MEMOBLOCK TO <nSize>

SET PATH :

Specify the search path for opening files

SET PATH TO [<xcPathspec list>]

SET RELATION :

Relate two work areas by a key value or record number

SET RELATION TO [<expKey> | <nRecord> INTO <xcAlias>]
    [, [TO] <expKey2> | <nRecord2> INTO <xcAlias2>...]
    [ADDITIVE]

SET SOFTSEEK :

Toggle relative SEEKing

SET SOFTSEEK on | OFF | <xlToggle>

SET UNIQUE :

Toggle the inclusion of nonunique keys into an index

SET UNIQUE on | OFF | <xlToggle>

SKIP :

Move the record pointer to a new position

SKIP [<nRecords>] [ALIAS <idAlias> | <nWorkArea>]

SORT :

Copy to a (.dbf) file in sorted order

SORT TO <xcDatabase> ON <idField> [/[A | D][C]]
    [, <idField2> [/[A | D][C]]...]
    [<scope>] 
    [WHILE <lCondition>] 
    [FOR <lCondition>]

SUM :

Sum numeric expressions to variables

SUM <nExp list> TO <idVar list>
    [<scope>] 
    [WHILE <lCondition>] 
    [FOR <lCondition>]

TOTAL

Summarize records by key value to a (.dbf) file

TOTAL ON <expKey> FIELDS <idField list>
    TO <xcDatabase>
    [<scope>] 
    [WHILE <lCondition>] 
    [FOR <lCondition>]

UNLOCK :

Release file/record locks set by the current user

     UNLOCK [ALL]

UPDATE : 

Update current database file from another database file

UPDATE FROM <xcAlias>
   ON <expKey> [RANDOM]
   REPLACE <idField> WITH <exp>
   [, <idField2> WITH <exp2>...]

USE

Open an existing (.dbf) and its associated files

USE [<xcDatabase>
    [INDEX <xcIndex list>]
    [ALIAS <xcAlias>] 
    [EXCLUSIVE | SHARED]
    [NEW] [READONLY]
    [VIA <cDriver>]]

ZAP

Remove all records from the current database file

ZAP