HbRun

HbRun is a console interpreter and program ( command file / script file / .prg / .hrb ) runner for the Harbour Language.

Addendum: a clarification by Przemek:

HBRUN is a simple wrapper to Harbour compiler so the same syntax as in
Cl*pper is supported:

DO <filename>[.prg]

only .prg is accepted as extension and it’s default so you do not
have to set it explicitly.

( In Harbour Users Google group, under “hbmk2 and the Dot Prompt” topic:

It can work as interpreter when invoked without parameters or can execute xBase / Harbour source code in .prg file or compiled Harbour Portable Objects (.hrb) file given as parameter.

Type of file is recognized by extension used with <file> parameter. If not given then .hrb is used.

In other words, HbRun can be use in both interpret  and batch mode.

Regarding parameter given or not, when calling HbRun this ‘mode’ determined by program itself. If a parameter ( usually a .prg or .hrb file name ) given, program run in ‘batch’ mode, runs (executes) given script file and end. If no parameter given, program enter interpreter mode.

Using HbRun as an interpreter, may be very useful, productive, and educative for xBase programmers. Too many xBase programmers was learned everything, including   DBF file system and xBase programming language by famous “dot prompt”. Today many xBase programmers uses HbRun daily basis.

When HbRun begin, open a console screen with two basic area: status bars at top and dot prompt line at bottom.

Status bars :

 hbrunStatLines

Dot prompt is quite simple visually: a dot and a  line in inverse color beginning with a blinking cursor :

 hbRunDotPrompt

You may enter here a command to see the result.

For example “DIR” command will give a list of database (.dbf) files in current directory:

hbRun_Dir

SET COLO TO “GR+/N” command will remember you old days :

hbRun_Dir2

The DIR command can be used with DOS style “filter / skeleton” parameter :

DIR *.PRG
DIR *.*

etc.

Inspecting any table ( .dbf file ) is very simple:

USE CLIENTS
BROWSE ()

 hbrunBrowse

 Expand a little:

SET COLO TO “GB+/N”
USE CLIENTS
BROWSE( 3, 10, 24, 60 )

hbrunBrowse2

If you plan to use this snap frequently, make a .prg file (say brwclien.prg) with this three line and run it with DO command:

DO BRWCLIEN

Sometime LIST command may be better:

LIST CL_ID, CLI_SNAM, CLI_NAME, CLI_TLF

hbrun_list

 You can add FOR clause to the LIST command:

LIST CL_ID, CLI_SNAM, CLI_NAME, CLI_TLF FOR RECN() < 10

or

LIST CL_ID, CLI_SNAM, CLI_NAME, CLI_TLF FOR EMPTY( CLI_TLF )

The structure info of a table frequently requires while daily work to xBase Programmers.

Here three small programs for obtain structure info of a table. Usage is quite simple: open ( USE ) your table and enter DO <prgFileName>; for example:

USE CLIENT
DO LISTSTRU
or
DO DISPSTRU
or
DO SAVESTRU

 Notes :

–      To avoid some possible screen metric conflicts caused by default console (DOS box) settings of OS, may be useful some adjusting before invoke HbRun; such as:

MODE CON LINES=48 COLS=128

–       “?” command may be useful as a built-in calculator :

? 2*2           // 4
? 2**8          // 256
? SQRT( 81 )    // 9

–      HbRun keep a “history” for commands entered (for a limited count of commands of course). You can access (and re-enter when required) by using up and down keys. Moreover this history may be usable after re-invoke HbRun.

–      Though Harbour Language is essential, some legal Harbour commands / functions may be un-recognizable by HbRun.

–      Though some legal statements works in interpret mode, may not works in batch mode (such as Browse() ).

Last Note : No further explanation required for experienced xBase programmers; try, see and learn.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

Examples :

 
/*
 DispStru.prg 

 Display structure of current table ( .dbf file ) on screen.

*/
MEMVAR ASTRUCT, NTOTLEN
IF EMPTY( ALIAS() )
   SETCOLOR( "R/N" )
   ? "No active table in the current work area !", LTRIM( STR( SELECT() ) )
ELSE 
   @ 3, 0 CLEA TO MAXROW() - 1, MAXCOL()
   aStruct := DBSTRUCT()
   nTotLen := 1
   AEVAL( aStruct, { | a1Field | nTotLen += a1Field[ 3 ] } )
   AEVAL( aStruct, { | a1Field, n1FieldNo | ;
   aStruct[ n1FieldNo ] := STR( n1FieldNo, 3 ) + " " +;
                           PADR( a1Field[ 1 ], 12 ) +;
                           PADC( a1Field[ 2 ], 4 ) +;
                           PADL( a1Field[ 3 ], 5 ) +;
                           PADL( a1Field[ 4 ], 3 ) } )
   ? "Structure of database :", DBINFO( 10 )
   ? "Number of data records :", LTRIM( STR( LASTREC() ) )
   ? "Date of last update :", LUPDATE()
   ? "Fld Name Type Width Dec"
   ? "--- ---------- ---- ----- ---"
   @ 21,0 SAY "** Total ** " + PADL( nTotLen, 6 )
   ACHOICE( 8, 0, 20, 30, aStruct ) 
ENDIF
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
/*
 ListStru.prg 

 List structure of current table ( .dbf file ) on screen.

*/
MEMVAR ASTRUCT, NTOTLEN
IF EMPTY( ALIAS() )
   SETCOLOR( "R/N" )
   ? "No active table in the current work area !", LTRIM( STR( SELECT() ) )
ELSE 
   @ 3, 0 CLEA TO MAXROW() - 1, MAXCOL()
   aStruct := DBSTRUCT()
   nTotLen := 1
   AEVAL( aStruct, { | a1Field | nTotLen += a1Field[ 3 ] } ) 
   AEVAL( aStruct, { | a1Field, n1FieldNo | ;
   aStruct[ n1FieldNo ] := STR( n1FieldNo, 3 ) + " " +;
                           PADR( a1Field[ 1 ], 12 ) +;
                           PADC( a1Field[ 2 ], 4 ) +;
                           PADL( a1Field[ 3 ], 5 ) +;
                           PADL( a1Field[ 4 ], 3 ) } )
   ? "Structure of database :", DBINFO( 10 )
   ? "Number of data records :", LTRIM( STR( LASTREC() ) )
   ? "Date of last update :", LUPDATE()
   ? "Fld Name Type Width Dec"
   ? "--- ---------- ---- ----- ---"
   AEVAL( aStruct, { | c1Field | QOUT( c1Field ) } ) 
   ? "** Total ** ", PADL( nTotLen, 5 )
ENDIF
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
/*
SaveStru.prg

 Save structure of current table ( .dbf file ) to a file.

 Notes :

 - This program uses ListStru.prg
 - Name of target file constructed at line 18; 
   if required you may use alternate ways or
   simply using a constant.
*/
MEMVAR AlteFName
IF EMPTY( ALIAS() )
   SETCOLOR( "R/N" )
   ? "No active table in the current work area !", LTRIM( STR( SELECT() ) )
ELSE 
   AlteFName := LEFT( ALIAS(), 4 ) + "STRU" 
   SET ALTE TO &AlteFName
   SET ALTE ON
   DO LISTSTRU
   SET ALTE OFF
   SET ALTE TO
ENDIF
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
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2 responses to “HbRun

  1. Pingback: Harbour Utilities / Tools | Viva Clipper !

  2. Pingback: Harbour Reference Guide Summary | Viva Clipper !

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